Since every country in the region has gone through a series of health sector reforms with the aim of increasing equity, effectiveness and coverage of health systems; unfortunately, despite their positive results they have not achieved the proposed goals.
Since then, two English language versions have been standardized and published Wechsler, A group of primary care patients that included Central American immigrants, Mexican immigrants, U. More than half We must understand that health outcomes are not based solely on the expenditure, but also in how resources are allocated according to the priorities and strategies.
Although there are several advantages to examining DSM-based clinical entities, there are at least three disadvantages. In contrast, Puerto Rican and Mexican-origin adults have lower college graduation rates, 11 percent and 7 percent respectively. Mexican American women who were born in Mexico are less likely to give birth to a baby of low birthweight than are U.
Strengths are protective factors against distress and disorder and can be used to develop interventions to prevent mental disorders and to promote well-being. If an index of depressive symptoms were an indicator of both general distress and disorder, then that index would have been related to a diagnosis of depression for both economically advantaged and disadvantaged samples.
Thirdly, health problems such as chronic non-communicable diseases must be addressed by improving primary health care and promoting healthy lifestyles. Of all of the nations of the world, only Mexico has a larger Hispanic population than the United States. The educational achievement of three of the main Hispanic subgroups reveals further variability.
Percentage of Hispanic Americans in State Populations: However, a few studies reveal that there are few Spanish-speaking and Latino providers. Special attention should be directed to the study of Latino youth, as they may be both the most vulnerable and the most amenable to prevention and intervention.
Specifically, usual care was compared with two interventions, one for which medication was administered and closely followed for 6 or 12 months and the other for which local psychotherapists provided cognitive-behavior treatment ranging from 4 sessions for minor depression and related problems to sessions for major depression.
This article is part of the World Economic Forum on Latin America The Latin American region has seen significant social and economic changes over the past 50 years. In addition to the availability of resources, the distribution of these resources should also be taken into account.
After the Mexican Warwhen the United States took over large territories from Texas to California, the country gained many Mexican citizens who chose to remain in their "new" U. Most of the literature involves African Americans e.
For those that were found, the small subsample of Latinos raises questions about the reliability of the findings. Integrating complementary care with traditional mental health care was an objective of a unique training project carried out in Puerto Rico Koss-Chioino, Latinos within known vulnerable groups are also of concern.
This doctor is God. Of those Puerto Rican youth with a diagnosable mental disorder, only 20 percent reported using mental health-related services Leaf et al. Among other questions, the Latin American therapist asked her if she was losing weight because she had lost her appetite, to which she quipped: De Almeida Filho N.
A second disadvantage is that the current definitions of the diagnostic entities have little flexibility to take into account culturally patterned forms of distress and disorder.
At best, Latinos should be oversampled so that tests of fairness can be carried out that attend to differences among sub-groups within the Hispanic American population as well as differences between Hispanic Americans and other racial and ethnic groups.
Access to health services: Despite the several models and the growing interest in cultural competence, much work needs to be done before cultural competence will positively impact mental health service delivery for Latinos and other ethnic groups.
Like the adult epidemiological studies, this investigation found that living in the United States is related to elevated risk for mental health problems. Federal agencies are supporting the development and implementation of guidelines e.
For men, the ratio was 2 to 1. The most striking finding from the set of adult epidemiological studies using diagnostic measures is that Mexican immigrants, Mexican immigrants who lived fewer than 13 years in the United States, or Puerto Ricans who resided on the island of Puerto Rico had lower prevalence rates of depression and other disorders than did Mexican Americans who were born in the United States, Mexican immigrants who lived in the United States 13 years or more, or Puerto Ricans who lived on the mainland.
This is important because those patients who returned from a hospital stay to a family high in warmth were less likely to relapse than those who returned to families low in warmth Lopez et al. Likewise, the need to place children in foster care is related to socioeconomic factors.
Historical Context To place the growth of the Latino population in context, it is important to review some of the historical events that have brought Latinos to the United States. A study of Los Angeles area Hispanics age 60 or above found over 26 percent had major depression or dysphoria. Some of these popular conceptions may have what appear to be definable boundaries, while others are more fluid and cut across a wide range of symptom clusters.
Although this survey provided no data on actual suicides, these data suggest significant distress among Hispanic youth and are consistent with the several studies that found greater distress among Latinos than among largely white American youth.
When [La Frontera] first opened its doors, bilingual and bicultural social workers walked through the community introducing themselves and their services. This investigation found that 8 percent of the Mexican American participants had experienced a lifetime episode of depression, whereas only 4 percent of Mexican participants had.Latino/Hispanic Communities and Mental Health.
Lifetime prevalence rates among Latino Americans born in the U.S. are lower than those for non-Latino whites, vary among ethnic groups, and are higher among U.S.-born Latinos than they are among foreign-born Latinos. while fewer than 1 in 5 contact general health care providers.
Aug 21, · Approximately 30% of the population of Latin America and the Caribbean do not have access to health care for economic reasons and 21% do not seek care because of geographical barriers. 2. Culturally Competent Care for Latino Patients Karen Peterson-Iyer The material in this section is part of a larger project by the Markkula Center for Applied Ethics on culturally competent care; that is, health care that is sensitive to the differing values and needs of cultural subgroups within our pluralistic society.
Latin America includes in geo-political terms thirteen countries in South America, six in Central America, Mexico, and thirteen located in the Caribbean Basin. Its total population reaches million people, 60% of whom (almost million) live in South America (with Brazil, Argentina and Colombia.
The Spanish language and culture are common bonds for many Hispanic Americans, regardless of whether they trace their ancestry to Africa, Asia, Europe, or the Americas.
The immigrant experience is another common bond. Nevertheless, Hispanic Americans are very heterogeneous in the circumstances of their migration and in other characteristics.
To understand their mental health. Dementia and Mental Health. Alzheimer’s Disease; Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder; Depression; Mental Health; Health Care and Insurance. Access to Health Care; Related FastStats. Health of American Indian or Alaska Native Population.Download