The ideal was similar to the current concept of interdisciplinary studies in which the student tries to avoid the hazards of overspecialization that might result in an educational imbalance.
He was supposed to be interested and moderately skilled in almost every aspect of contemporary life. As the struggles over religion spread across Europe, they were used by some rulers as one more way to consolidate their powers. The invention of gunpowder changed the face of feudalistic military tactics.
The Protestants were interested in education for both sexes, but women were not considered equal. The humanistic impulse was strongly tied to the Reformation, the Protestant struggle against the Catholic Church in the sixteenth century. The Renaissance was a period of rebirth and transition in Europe.
Europe was changing from a system of many small personal alliances to one in which the nation was the dominant unit. It began in Italy around the thirteenth century and spread gradually to the north and west across Europe for the next two centuries.
The idea that each person should have any say in his or her beliefs and actions was a new concept for the time; the Church had previously told people what to believe and what to do. Most education under the Catholic Church in the past had been the education of its leaders and scholars. Europe also was making the transition to "modern times.
The humanist scholars studied the classics closely because the ancient writings expressed humanistic ideas about education. It was a time of vast growth in learning and culture. The birth of nationalism Essay on the renaissance period changed the complexion of European affairs.
The Protestants believed the activities would help prevent corruption of the body in word and deed and were therefore of moral value. The classical writings become very popular, and many of their teachings were imitated by the Europeans.
Islamic scholars had preserved many of the ancient writing, and European scholars retranslated them from the Arabic and shared them across Europe. Towns were becoming the new centre of life as the economy began to edge away from its old feudalistic, agrarian orientation.
Education was beginning to be considered valuable for its own sake, regardless of how immediately practical it was. As the nations gradually became "modern states," similar to the nations today, the stage was being set across Europe for the gradual move into the "modern era.
They undertook voyages west across the Atlantic Ocean and south and east around Africa to India and beyond. Many of the humanists were very antagonistic toward the Church, and some, who were convinced that the Church had strayed from the early Christian teachings, began to break away and form new churches.
The universities, which were first established during the late Middle Ages, were growing into a potent intellectual force.
The governments were gradually being centralized, and the people were beginning to think of themselves as English or French or German, rather than as Londoners or Parisians or Hessians. After the Renaissance this trend reversed and moved back toward specialization.
Because they "protested" the actions of the Catholic Church, these humanists were called Protestants. Education was primarily for the men, though women were treated as relative equals in Italy.
Through contacts with the Arab world, the Western world was rediscovering many long-lost classical writings of the Greeks and Romans. Their status had been raised some in the Catholic Church by the emphasis on the Virgin Mary, but the emphasis was on the woman in the home setting, rather than as an equal and a partner to man.
The Renaissance was a period of discovery of the outside world as well, for people began to question the old teachings about the nature of the world and what lay beyond Europe and northern Africa.
The goal of Renaissance educators was to develop an "all-around" person with a balanced education. Universities also were developing in other areas of Europe, especially in Germany, as the orientation toward church-controlled education lessened and secular education grew.
The Renaissance ideals were the "universal man," who had many talents and interests in the arts and literature, polities, games and sports, and the social graces. The availability of books enabled knowledge and information to spread rapidly across Europe and provided a great impetus to education, for the need to be literate had increased immensely.
It helped to blow Europe into modern times, for with it a small force of men was vastly superior to a much larger force of bowmen. A major early leader was Vittorino da Feltre, who founded a school for the children of nobility that imitated the Athenian model of classical studies taught according to the model set by Quintilian.
The barriers between separate areas of learning were beginning to break down, for the Renaissance ideal stressed training across any narrow divisions between areas of learning.The Renaissance Period The term Renaissance comes from the French word "rebirth." The Renaissance was a period of European history, considered by modern scholars that occurred between and Many dramatic changes happened during the Renaissance.
The Renaissance was a period of new inventions and beliefs. After visiting several of the Harlem Renaissance websites, complete one or more of the following activities.
The Weighty Issue of Two-Handed Greatswords. By J.
Clements "never overlay thy selfe with a heavy weapon, for nimblenesse of bodie. Turnitin provides instructors with the tools to prevent plagiarism, engage students in the writing process, and provide personalized feedback. Albrecht Dürer: The Genius with a Great Soul. Albrecht Dürer was not only the greatest artist of the Northern Renaissance, but also a unique personality, his genius coexisting with a pure, noble character.
The short essay ( pages), typed and double-spaced, is an excellent way to demonstrate your ability to condense a great deal of material into what is essentially a compact essay. A short essay is not a research essay and should not be treated as such.Download