Petersburg, Russia to the Caspian desert, to Kir northern Iranwas detained in Astrabad northern Iran as a Russian spy, then traveled with a caravan of pilgrims to Meshedmarched with the Afghan army from there to Herat, then traveled to Kandahar, to Quetta, then across the Indian desert to the British frontier in January Additionally, Persia intended to annex Herat to make up for territory it had lost in the Russo-Persian War —28however the allegiance of Herat to Afghanistan was crucial to the British strategy.
Invaders, before the British, came overland from the northwest from what is today Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Iran. Top Reasons for independence The British Raj unravelled quickly in the s, perhaps surprising after the empire in the east had so recently survived its greatest challenge in the shape of Japanese expansionism.
He held office between and representing the British government and answerable to the Board of Control. Access to Afghanistan was to be through developing trade routes along the Indus and Sutlej rivers using steam-powered boats, and therefore access through the Sind and Punjab regions would be required.
The implementation of improvement in any systematic way lay in the future, but commitment to governing in Indian ways through Indians was waning fast.
Service in India had its risks for the British, mainly tropical heat and diseases. He completed the destruction of the Mahrattas in the third Mahratta Warannexed Poona and forced the Hindu chiefs to submit. Hastings sent Sir Eyre Coote and a British army to defend it. It was a captive market for British goods and services, and served defence needs by maintaining a large standing army at no cost to the British taxpayer.
As before, the new industries, railroads, and telegraphs, however progressive they may have seemed to the British, disrupted the traditional culture and economy of India.
The second campaign started from the Caspian Sea and was in the direction of Herat, near the Persian frontier. It was brought near to bankruptcy. The French had persuaded the tribes that Britain would be unable to take firm action against them because of her involvement in the American War of Independence.
Naturally, this made for disunity at the local level. The Mughuls ruled over a vast and diverse land of deserts, large navigable rivers, thick forests, plateaus, grasslands, and mountains.
Broadly speaking, the Government of India combined a policy of co-operation and conciliation of different strata of Indian society with a policy of coercion and force.
By demanding that taxes be paid in cash, the emperor brought peasants into the market economy. Fortunes could be made by Company employees. In return, they were expected to conduct all their trade by means of English ships and to serve as markets for British manufactured goods.
They attempted to undo all that Hastings had done and later they organised his impeachment.This made the British win key battles all over the East Coast, as they effectively grabbed control. Doctrine of Lapse.
One of the most effective tactics, the. Mar 03, · InBritish Crown rule was established in India, ending a century of control by the East India Company. The life and death struggle that preceded this formalisation of British control lasted.
India was the most important territory of the British Empire. In the 18th century, India was an advanced civilisation and the rulers regarded the British with disdain. By. "The Great Game" was a political and diplomatic confrontation that existed for most of the nineteenth century between the British Empire and the Russian Empire over Afghanistan and neighbouring territories in Central and Southern Asia.
British Expand Control over India The area controlled by the East India Company grew over time. Eventually, it British Imperialism in India Recognizing Effects Use a diagram to identify the effects of the three causes Location How is the location of India a great advantage for trade?
Vocabulary jute: a fiber used for sacks and cord British India - Click on the image for a larger view Early History. In the English East India Company was founded. A group of City merchants decided to risk their capital only after there had been favourable reports about trade prospects in the East.Download